While the American Civil War raged in states like Virginia, Kentucky and Missouri, General Ulysses Grant captured Fort Henry in Tennessee. Congress passes legislation outlawing slavery and President Abraham Lincoln signs the homestead act into law. The small southwestern village of Tularosa is about to be founded.
An idea born by the first settlers of Tularosa in “La Promesa Solemne”, a prayer lifted up to God in 1862 before the two-day battle of Round Mountain, and later fulfilled by the construction of the St Francis De Paula Church in 1869.
Since then, as an uninterrupted tradition, the St Francis De Paula Fiesta has been celebrated every year.
Although the present construction is not in its original shape, and is double the original size, it’s included in the National Register of Historic Places and is an essential part of our local history.
If you are planning to come, but wondering what to do in Tularosa, let me give you a few things you must do when you visit:
- The Tularosa Original Townsite District is part of the National Register of Historic Places. It was divided into 48 blocks in 1873. Many of the homes built during the 1800’s are still there today and the local Library offers a Walking Tour Guide with a map and information to help visitors interested in learning the amazing stories behind each building.
- The original Acequia System was built by the first settlers in 1862 to divert the Tularosa River into a terraced irrigation system for homesteads, animals, home vegetable gardens and orchards is still being used today, lining the 48 original townsite blocks.
- The Saint Francis De Paula Church was built in 1862 as a result of La Promesa Solemne after the Battle fo Round Mountain, and is one of five Franciscan Missions in the area. This is the modified original structure where the foundation is cut stone quarried near the Tularosa River.
- Historic Granado Street with amazing shops, and historic buildings is where most of the local events are held. You can pick up a Walking Tour Guide from one of the shops.
- If archaeology and ancient history is what you are looking for, check out Tularosa’s Jornada Research Institute. Their membership includes monthly tours to interesting archaeological sites and volunteer opportunities to sites their team is currently working on.
If you are interested in learning more about Tularosa visit the Tularosa History Council’s website.
- Three Rivers Petroglyph Site is an amazing place with more than 21, 000 petroglyphs located just outside of the village, a 20 minute drive.
Eat, drink, and be merry…
- Tularosa Vineyards with Tasting Room and Tours, pioneers in growing some of the more unusual, but well acclimated grapes in New Mexico.
- Tularosa Pecan Company established in 1969 is located inside the Travel Center and has the best treats made from their locally grown pecan orchards. Treats you will not find anywhere else.
- Loredos Bakery with the best authentic and freshly-made everyday Pan De Dulce. Chiles rellenos and tamales are also their specialty and are the best in the area.
- Casa de Suenos with amazing food and ambiance.
- Coming soon; Feed the Basin, a lofty mission driven enterprise.
- Better than Starbucks coffee, is Tularosa’s Hugga Mug. And if you want a breakfast to go with it you will find it at Yum Yums (along with the only Navajo Tacos I’ve found in our area). Ice cream and cheeseburgers instead? Old fashioned Tulie Freeze is the place.
The Tularosa Basin is located primarily in Otero County. It covers about 6,500 sq. miles and is 35% larger than the state of Connecticut. It’s nestled between the beautiful Sacramento Mountains to the east, and the San Andres and Oscura Mountains to the west, where the views of the Basin are absolutely stunning.
The basin is geologically considered part of the Rio Grande Rift zone, which widens due to the slight clockwise rotation of the Colorado Plateautectonic plates.
When the Spanish arrived in the Tularosa Basin, they found springs and small streams coming from the Sacramento Mountains that fed a relatively lush grassland on the eastern side of the basin. While some sheep ranching and mining was tried by the Spanish, the area remained firmly under Apache control until the 1850s.
Under US military protection, the first permanent settlement was established in 1862, when about 50 Hispanic farmers from the Rio Grande Valley moved to what is now Tularosa.
How can you enjoy the most notable features of the basin?
- Tularosa Basin Museum of History
- This is the very first stop for anyone curious to know more and understand the history of the land, the people, and their lives in the Basin.
- Tularosa Creek flows westward into the Tularosa Basin just north of the village of Tularosa.
- Carrizozo Malpais lava flow
- Get to know this ancient lava flow. Upon closer inspection, you’ll find yourself amazed at the variety of life (both flora and fauna) that inhabit and thrive in this seemingly inhospitable environment.
- Three Rivers Petroglyph Site
- Get to know the thoughts, ideas, and messages ancient Native Americans carved on these volcanic rocks.
- White Sands National Monument
- Rising from the heart of the Tularosa Basin is one of the world’s great natural wonders – the glistening white sands of New Mexico. Great wave-like dunes of gypsum sand engulf 275 square miles of desert, creating the world’s largest gypsum dune field. White Sands National Monument preserves a major portion of this unique dune field, along with the plants and animals that live there.
- Original Acequia system in the Village of Tularosa.
- The Acequia System in Tularosa remains in its original state and is one of the most attractive features of the village. It’s also what ultimately turned this piece of land into an oasis for local farmers and wildlife alike.
- The Original Townsite District is comprised of the original 48 blocks with which Tularosa was established. The
architecture of historic houses stays true to local techniques particular to the area within these 48 blocks with the acequia system lining its streets.
- Toy Train Depot
- Acquaint yourself with the history of local railroads, and how they shaped the early local communities.
- La Luz Pottery Factory
- The Pottery Factory is of national significance, important to Rhode Island as well as New Mexico. And it is of particular significance to all the Friends of Bill Wilson because of its association with the founding of Alcoholics Anonymous.
- Oliver Lee Memorial State Park
- Oliver Lee Memorial State Park consists of two separate parcels of land. Both parcels are historically significant. The Dog Canyon tract was used by Apache warriors as a defensive position and a base of operations during their numerous battles and wars with Euro-American explorers and settlers. Oliver Lee’s homestead near the mouth of Dog Canyon was built in 1893. Lee was an influential and controversial citizen of New Mexico’s settlement.
- Disappearance of Albert J Fountain and his son Henry.
- Albert Jennings Fountain was a Civil War veteran, New Mexico legislator and prominent lawyer. Colonel Fountain and his young son were presumed murdered near this spot while traveling between Lincoln and Las Cruces on February 1, 1896. Their bodies have never been found. Oliver Lee and James Gilliland were tried for their murder in 1898. Both were acquitted.
- Holloman Air Force Base
- Planned for the British Overseas Training program which they did not pursue, construction for the USAAF base 6 mi west of Alamogordo, New Mexico, began on 6 February 1942. After the nearby Alamogordo Bombing and Gunnery Range was established by Executive Order No. 9029, the neighboring military installation became the Alamogordo Field Training Station (27 May) and the Alamogordo Army Air Base (operated by the 359th Base Headquarters beginning 10 June 1942).
- White Sands Missile Range Museum
- At the White Sands Missile Range museum you can trace the origin of America’s missile and space activity, find out how the atomic age began and learn about the accomplishments of scientists like Dr. Wernher von Braun and Dr. Clyde Tombaugh at White Sands. Displays also include the prehistoric cultures and the rip-roaring Old West found in southern New Mexico.
- Outside the museum is a missile park displaying a variety of missiles and rockets tested at White Sands. These include everything from the WAC Corporal and Loon (U.S. version of the V-1) to a Pershing II and Patriot. More than 50 items are on display.
- Trinity nuclear test Site.On July 16, 1945, one week after the establishment of White Sands Missile Range (WSMR), the world’s first atomic bomb was detonated in the north-central portion of the missile range, approximately 60 miles north of White Sands National Monument.
Wondering what to do in Alamogordo, NM?
Alamogordo is a great place for a day trip. There are a variety of things to see, places to eat, and a variety of activities for everyone.
When my children were a bit younger, we used to go to the Alameda Park Zoo and have a picnic there, on the grass. Afterwards we would head over to the Founder’s Park and just look around. My youngest one (then 2) would enjoy walking around, “hiding”, and exploring. It was definitely a treat for her!
Founders Park is located at the Junction of White Sands Boulevard and 10th Street. Right across 10th street is the Alamogordo Museum of History and right across White Sands Boulevard sits the Alameda Park Zoo.
You can spend 15 to 20 minutes here and enjoy it after a visit to the Zoo and the museum.
If you are coming from The White Sands National Monument and are looking for something to eat, you will definitely be able to find it within walking distance from here.
Have you tried New Mexico’s famous Green Chile Burgers? Blake’s Lotta Burger is just 4 blocks from here on White Sands Boulevard and 14th Street.
If you are in the mood for doing a little shopping afterwards head over to Main Street (right behind Founders Park).
Take a Virtual Tour of Founders Park, you gotta visit!
Tour New Mexico; Observe, Listen, Engage, and Learn. An Awesome Way to Travel.
If you’re a visual learner, you’d be able to understand how important our senses are to learning.
Listening to experts, engaging in conversations, asking questions, and seeking further information helps stimulate our thinking process, challenges our preconceived notions and beliefs, and helps our minds grow.
For these and other reasons, Tours are an awesome way to experience New Mexico.
NOTE: Some of these tours are by appointment. If you are unable to find any specific info on the linked websites, give them a call. I’ve done my homework and all these tours are available as of March 2019.
Here is a list of Tours in our area you won’t be able to find anywhere else!
- Apache Cultural Tour
- Mescalero Tribal Fish Hatchery
- Sunspot Solar Observatory
- Eagle Ranch Farm Tour
- Tularosa Basin Museum of History
- Trinity Site National Historic Landmark
- Native Plant Garden Tour at WSNM
- Full Moon Hike at White Sands
- Lake Lucero Tours
- McGinn’s Pistachio Farm Tours
- Sunrise Arts
- Carrizozo’s Historic Homes Tour
- Sunset Stroll
- Fort Stanton Living History Tour
- Oliver Lee Ranch House
- Two Rivers Fairy Trail
- A downtown Walking Tour of Tularosa NM
- Alamogordo Tour of Historical Homes
- Wind Rider Ziptour
- Tularosa Vineyard Tours
- Sacramento Mountains Museum & Pioneer Village
- New Mexico Museum of Space History
- Cowboy Action Shooting Adventure
- Old Lincoln Living History Tour
- Carrizozo Heritage Museum
- Shroud of Turin and New Mexico History
- Three Rivers Petroglyph Site Guided Tours
Click on any one of these if you’re interested in learning about the beautiful Land of Enchantment.
Periodically unplugging from the stressors associated with our daily routines like office work, house chores, and family duties helps us not only boost our immune system, but we can also become more productive and creative.
Those feelings of physical and emotional exhaustion, lack of concentration and inability to focus, mild forgetfulness, are the tell-tale signs of work-related burnout. And according to psychologists, taking shorter vacations could be even more beneficial for you, because ultimately they are good for our mental health: “Vacations are coping mechanisms that help us adapt to the everyday stresses of our lives.”
But there is a way to maximize these benefits: and one of those strategies is The Planning Process.
But what is it about the planning process that can be intrinsically beneficial to your health?
- It builds anticipation and that is good in and of itself. Just like Fridays make you happy because they mean it’s the end of the work week.
- It gives you time to ease into “vacation-mode”, another excellent strategy to maximize the benefits of taking time off from work.
- Plan for experiences, they help you connect with yourself and others, get you out of your comfort zone, and help you think outside-the-box.
- Sharing is caring…for yourself. Sharing your vacation experiences with friends and family has almost the same health benefits as the vacation itself.
I am currently working on a couple of Travel Guides to help you in this planning process. I will keep you posted!
What is The Spirit of the American Southwest?
It is a body of rich Traditions: Native American spirituality, Spanish culture, Mexican resilience, and the wild, rugged and free character of the American cowboy.
History has blurred ethnicity lines, and although several features of these strong traditions can be identified in the elements of the Southwestern culture, they are, simultaneously, one in substance and nature – The Spirit of the American Southwest.
Native American Spirituality is without a doubt the chief influence and foundational creative force in the Spirit of the Southwest. Being able to experience the Southwest means being in direct contact with its essential elements, and these Petroglyphs speak of that holy communion between man and nature.
The Spirit won’t admit your problems and worries. It won’t allow distractions or lack of commitment. It requires your full focus and undivided attention. It needs a clear mind in order to make a connection with your soul.
The petroglyphs at Three Rivers testify to the connection that can be made.
Take a 360 look at this 360 degree Virtual Tour.